Sunday, May 07, 2006

In the summer of 1999, India and Pakistan fought a 73 day military conflict in the upper reaches of Kashmir at Kargil, located 120 miles from the capital city of Srinagar. The Kargil conflict merits intensive study because:

  • It was a major conflict between two countries possessing nuclear weapons.
  • Despite grave provocations and the intensity of armed skirmishes, the conflict remained limited in terms of time, geographical area, and weaponry.
  • The conflict was a clear manifestation of a 50 year-old sub-continental rivalry that has portents of a nuclear conflagration affecting global peace and security.
  • The confrontation was a revealing example of asymmetric conflict, wherein opposing combatants employ markedly different resources and strategies in an attempt to maximize their advantages and exploit the opponent's weaknesses.